Costs and charges disclosure features high on the regulatory agenda in both the UK and across Europe. The Investment Association and the firms it represents are committed to delivering transparency of costs and charges and the IA has led efforts to guide regulators to create a coherent disclosure landscape and to help firms interpret the requirements and facilitate the delivery of useful information through the distribution chain to end consumers. There are a number of initiatives in this area.

DC workplace pensions

Since April 2015, the governance bodies of defined contribution workplace pensions have been required to seek to obtain information on charges and transaction costs and explain the extent to which they offer good value for members. Since January 2018, asset managers have had a corresponding obligation to provide this information in accordance with a standardised methodology for calculating transaction costs as set out in FCA rules. Together the IA and ABI developed a standardised framework of templates for delivering this information.

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LGPS Code of Transparency

In May 2017 the Local Government Pension Scheme (LGPS) Advisory Board launched the Code of Transparency for LGPS asset managers. The Code aims to assist LGPS funds in obtaining the data they require in order to report costs on a transparent basis and is based on the disclosure template proposed by the IA in March 2017. In May 2019 the Advisory Board replaced the Code templates with the tools provided by the Cost Transparency Initiative and created a twelve month transition period.

MiFID II information to clients

Distributors and advisors providing services under the recast Markets in Financial Instruments Directive (MiFID II) are required to provide information about all costs and charges within the funds they offer to their clients. Product providers need to support distributors in fulfilling their obligations by providing the relevant cost information based on the information given in the UCITS KIID or, where relevant, the PRIIP KID. Similarly MiFID-regulated asset managers are required to provide information about all costs and charges incurred in respect of the portfolios they manage both for their retail and professional clients.

Packaged Retail and Insurance-based Investment Products (PRIIPs)

Providers offering PRIIPs to retail clients are required to provide key information documents (KIDs) containing information on the total costs and the possible effect they might have on the investment. Fund managers of UCITS and NURS are exempt from these requirements until the end of 2021. During the exemption fund managers will need to support their insurance clients in fulfilling their obligations by providing the relevant cost information.

In February 2019 the FCA issued a feedback statement summarising the findings of their Call for Input concerning the PRIIPs Regulation.

FCA Market Study

In June 2017 the FCA published the final report setting out the findings of the Asset Management Market Study. The FCA concluded that changes coming into place at the start of 2018 under MiFID II and PRIIPs will provide investors with greater clarity about charges and laid out their plans to investigate further how the prominence and formatting of charges information affects consumer behaviour. The results of their testing in this area were published in April 2018.

Institutional investor disclosure

The Cost Transparency Initiative (CTI) launched a new cost transparency framework in May 2019 building on the recommendations of the Institutional Disclosure Working Group (IDWG). The CTI is an independent group supported by the Pensions and Lifetime Savings Association (PLSA), the Local Government Pension Scheme (LGPS) Advisory Board and the Investment Association and was launched in November 2018. Further information can be found on the CTI webpage.

The formation of the IDWG flowed from the Asset Management Market Study and was intended to take forward the development of a disclosure template aimed at the asset managers of institutional segregated mandates. The IDWG submitted its final report and recommendations to the FCA in June 2018 and was disbanded. A key part of the IDWG mandate was to achieve consensus on a standardised disclosure template building on the LGPS Code and the disclosure template proposed by the IA in March 2017. The IA template was designed with the assistance of an Independent Advisory Board specifically to join up and provide a consistent approach across the UK and EU regulations outlined above.